Qin Shi Huang ordered the terracotta army to be built because he wanted them to protect him in the afterlife. The terracotta army consists of many clay soldiers guarding Qin Shi Huang’s tomb. He believed in life after death so he wanted them to protect his body since he wanted to be as powerful in the afterlife as in the real world.
The terracotta army consists of over 8,000 soldiers, along with chariots, and horses. Terracotta soldiers were created by forced laborers and local craftsmen. Qin Shi Huang ordered the tomb to be built when he was 13. It is believed that 700,000 people worked on the army for 38 years. Each warrior was crafted from terra-cotta. It is believed that eight face molds were used and clay was added on afterwards, thus making each face a little bit different from the other. As for the head, torso, and limbs, those were created separately and then assembled.
The Terracotta army consists of four main pits, each being about 7 meters deep. The main pit, pit one, is 230 meters long and 62 meters wide. All the pits are located to the east of the ancient city of Xian. They are located to the East because all the states Qin Shi Huang conquered were in the east so they could protect him. Each pit contains paved ground with wooden roofs and were covered with clay to water proof them.
The Terracotta Army is not only an important cultural site, but it is also an attractive tourist destination. Every year millions of visitors visit the terracotta warriors to see an amazing piece of history. This site is an important because it gives China money. With this money, the government can continue to preserve these amazing artifacts. If China couldn't make money from this tourist attraction, it may not be in very good shape.